According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are a major source of hospitalizations, disabilities and deaths in the United States on a yearly basis. They estimate that around 30 percent of all injury-related deaths have TBI as a contributing factor.
Learn more about the dangers of traumatic brain injuries, including TBI symptoms and how doctors may diagnose the condition by reading on.
Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms
Traumatic brain injuries exhibit a wide range of symptoms that tend to manifest themselves differently from patient-case to patient-case. Nevertheless, the Mayo Clinic identifies many commonalities that depend on the severity of the possible brain injury.
Symptoms for mild traumatic brain injuries can include:
- Fatigue, sleeping unusually often
- Loss of balance, dizziness
- Nausea, vomiting
- Confusion, disorientation
- Loss of consciousness for short durations
- Issues with concentration or memory
- Abrupt mood shifts
- Sensory problems that may include:
- Persistent tinnitus (ringing in ears)
- Blurred vision
- Unusual/unpleasant smells or tastes
- Light sensitivity
- Noise sensitivity
Severe traumatic brain injuries exhibit even more concerning symptoms that may include:
- Extended loss of consciousness for minutes or hours at a time
- Intense, persistent headaches
- Convulsions, seizures
- Repeated vomiting or constant nausea
- Dilated pupils in one or both eyes
- Clear, draining fluids from eyes or ears
- Inability to be awoken from sleep
- Numbness or weakness in extremities: fingers and toes
- Loss of balance or coordination
- Profound confusion
- Hostility, irritability or other unusual behaviors
- Slurred speech
- Extended loss of consciousness, coma
For children, detecting brain injuries can be even more subtle. Look for symptoms of:
- Change in sleeping habits
- Prolonged sadness or depression
- Loss of appetite, or change of eating habits
- Spontaneous or persistent crying to an unusual extent
- Loss of interest in typical favorite activities, toys or people
Since these symptoms are so wide-ranging and hard to detect as a whole, individuals are commonly advised by medical professionals to receive medical attention immediately after blows to the head or severe impacts, including vehicle collisions.
Diagnosing a Traumatic Brain Injury
A precursor diagnostic test for brain functionality is known as the “Glasgow Coma Scale.” Patients are asked by medical professionals to follow directions, which may include answering questions or moving limbs. Low scores mean low cognitive ability, increasing the likelihood of a TBI diagnosis.
Imaging tests such as MRIs and CT scans further help medical professionals examine the extent of potential brain damage, which along with other tests and patient response factors can form the basis of a TBI diagnosis.
Traumatic Brain Injury Attorneys in California
TBIs are not always a part of an isolated incident. Whether the result of a vehicle accident, negligent supervision or other at-fault actions, a brain injury victim may have grounds to pursue a case for damages, wrongful death or other claims as is their legal right.
Ernst Law Group has experience pursuing causes of action that fight for the rights of brain injury victims. We have helped individuals seek out payment for their treatment in addition to other damages they incur. Contact the Ernst Law Group for a free consultation regarding your California traumatic brain injury case today.