Second impact syndrome is the medical term for the types of brain injuries that occur when an individual has suffered a concussion, and their brain hasn’t had time to heal before they suffer a second concussion.

Unfortunately, the effects of second impact syndrome can be devastating because, if the brain suffers more than one concussion, it may lose its ability to regulate intracranial and cerebral perfusion pressure. When the brain loses its ability to regulate this pressure, rapid, severe brain swelling can occur which can cause permanent brain damage or even death.

Concussion Symptoms

Because second impact syndrome occurs when an individual suffers two concussions within a short period of time, it is important to know the signs and symptoms of a concussion so that a secondary concussion can be avoided at all costs. Common signs of concussions after head trauma include:

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Disorientation
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Slurred speech
  • Irritability
  • Mood or personality changes

Second impact syndrome is most common in athletes who are involved in sports that include concussion risks, however second impact syndrome isn’t limited to recreational or professional athletes. Thus, if you or a loved one has suffered a concussion in any situation, taking steps to avoid a subsequent accident is extremely important.

Second Impact Syndrome is Often Fatal

Unfortunately, if back-to-back concussions occur, because the brain is unable to regulate swelling, second impact syndrome is often fatal within minutes of the second concussion. If you suspect someone is suffering from second impact syndrome, it is important to get them proper medical attention immediately. If someone is able to survive second impact syndrome they will likely experience lifelong symptoms and complications requiring ongoing care and assistance.

If your loved one has suffered from second impact syndrome as a result of an accident, you may be able to help them bring a case against the person who caused the accident. If they did not survive, you may also be able to bring a wrongful death claim against the person who caused the accident that lead to their death.

At The Ernst Law Group, we represent injured individuals and their families whose lives have been affected by second impact syndrome and can help you understand the best steps to take moving forward. Call us today.